Resolute Mining Ltd. announced in December that repairs to the sulphide roaster at the company’s Syama gold mine in Mali were completed within the scheduled timeline, on budget, which was initially estimated at $5 million, and without any recordable safety incidents, according to the company. The sulphide roaster was taken offline in early October after a crack was detected in the main external shell. At the time of the most recent announcement, the company said that reheating of the roaster had started prior to recommencement of normal roaster operations and concentrate feed was expected to commence in approximately 5 days.
The roaster repair involved completely replating the crack on the main roaster body by cutting and welding new 10-mm steel plate. An additional crack in the primary cyclone and two minor cracks on the main roaster body were also replated during the repair program. A 10-mm steel plate exoskeleton, insulation and cladding were installed over the repaired section.
The repair program also included extensive refurbishment to the roaster and new installations. During the repair program, a new secondary cone crusher was installed to the sulphide crusher circuit as well as chute improvements, relining of the sulphide primary mill, refurbishment of the sulphide grinding circuit, refurbishment of the flotation circuit, process flow improvements in the calcine regrind circuit, replacement of concentrate thickener rakes and carbon leach tank refurbishments. The company said these refurbishments, in addition to completion of the roaster repairs, create an opportunity for it to reschedule the major biennial roaster shutdown previously scheduled for May. Following reheating of the roaster, operational performance will be monitored to determine if the roaster shutdown can be deferred until January 2021.
In a November announcement, Resolute said roaster downtime was expected to provide the opportunity to accumulate more than 300,000 metric tons (mt) of available underground ore on the run-of-mine pad. This stockpile, according to the company, provided it with confidence that the mine will be able to achieve nameplate capacity of 2.4 million metric tons per year (mt/y) on a consistent and ongoing basis from January onward.
A total of 127,344 man-hours were expended on the roaster repair program with a peak workforce of 200 personnel from 22 countries. The program required five cranes, 21 welding machines, seven items of heavy mobile plant, 64 procurement packages, 19 construction packages, 12 services packages, 25 mt of boiler plate, 45 mt of scaffold, 60 mt of refractory, 27 air cargo packages, and two dedicated cargo aircraft.
Switching to Hybrid Power
The company also announced in December that Aggreko, a leading provider of mobile modular power, temperature control and energy services, signed a 16-year contract to deliver a new hybrid power plant for the Syama complex. Aggreko will install, operate and maintain a 40-megawatt (MW) thermal power plant and a 10-MW battery storage system, with a further 20 MW of solar power planned in 2023. Work on the power plant was due to start immediately, with the first delivery of power being targeted for Q3 2020.
The new hybrid power solution, which will be administered through a Power Supply Agreement (PSA), reduces Syama’s power costs by an estimated 40%. Once all the renewable power sources are fully installed, it will also reduce carbon emissions by approximately 20%, according to the company.
Installation of the new power plant will be delivered in a two-stage approach:
Phase 1 – Installation of three Wärtsilä Modular Blocks, based on Wärtsilä 32 engines providing a total of 30 MW of power, next to the existing power station and 10-MW Aggreko Y.Cube battery storage system for spinning reserve displacement in 2020.
Phase 2 – Installation of one additional 10-MW Wärtsilä Modular Block in 2022 and 20 MW of solar power in 2023. Once the solar system is installed, the batteries will also smooth out fluctuations in the solar power output to facilitate integration into the hybrid system.
The initial site infrastructure layout will include space to accommodate a fifth 10-MW Wärtsilä Modular Block, enabling the mine to add additional power capacity if needed in the future to support growth or expansion plans.
Aggreko has been providing rental power solutions at Syama since 2015, and its rental units have been the primary source of power at the mine since August.
The thermal element of the project is being implemented in partnership with Wärtsilä, using its new Modular Block technology and design. The project marks one of Wärtsilä’s first sales of its pioneering new product, and Aggreko’s first contract to deliver it.
According to Wärtsilä’s product literature, the Modular Block concept comprises a pre-fabricated, modularly configured and expandable enclosure. It incorporates proven high-efficiency medium-speed engine technology and is able to handle a mine’s unique power demands including large electric motor starts. It also provides a viable opportunity to use power from renewable sources, such as wind and solar.
Wärtsilä said the Modular Block concept includes most of the process equipment needed for converting a simple generating set into a compact power station. Its pre-fabricated, modular design means it can be quickly and easily installed in just a few weeks. Similarly, it can be disassembled and re-installed at an alternative location should it be necessary, or expanded with additional modular blocks to adapt the power supply should the mine capacity increase. Incremental expansion allows the investment costs to be cascaded accordingly. The hybrid plant can also be operated and monitored remotely, in effect becoming an integral part of a digitalized mining operation.