In July 2017, Brazil President Michel Temer issued three Provisional Decrees (Medidas Provisórias 789, 790 and 791) to bring changes to the Brazilian mining legal framework. The decrees, however, must be examined and approved by Congress, before they are put into effect.

Provisional Decree 790, which was aimed to change the Brazilian Mining Code, was not brought to a vote in due time and its validity expired in November 2017. On the other hand, Provisional Decrees 789, which provided for changes in mining royalty rates, known as CFEM (Financial Compensation for Mining Exploitation), and 791, which created the National Mining Agency (Agência Nacional de Mineração, AMN) and extinguished the National Department of Mineral Production (DNPM) were both converted into Law 13,575 in December 2017.
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