SNL Metals & Mining’s Pipeline Activity Index (PAI, see graph) improved during March despite a continued decline in commodity prices and a sharp fall in the mining industry's overall market capitalization. The commodity markets have mirrored a stubbornly slow global economic recovery and the oversupply for many metals. SNL’s indexed metals price fell to 105.5 in March, compared with more than 150 at the end of 2012. The price index (May 2008 = 100) measures the relative change of a basket of eight metals, weighted by annual exploration spending.
These commodity prices are reflected in mining equity values, and the 2,700 companies tracked by SNL saw a month-on-month decline of 6.7% in market capitalization to US$1,263 billion at the end of March.
The value of the industry’s listed companies had peaked at US$2,415 billion in April 2011. Despite this gloomy scenario, SNL's PAI rose to 58.4 in March after five consecutive months of decline. The index hit a low of 40.2 in April 2014, recovered to reach 77.3 in September 2014 before falling to 49.0 in February.
There are four constituents of PAI; the number of significant drill results, initial resource announcements, significant financings and project development milestones. Two of these constituents of the index improved last month, and two declined.
There was a jump to six in the number of positive project milestones during March, although this was from the remarkably low base of only one announcement in February. The in-situ resources positively affected were valued at $9.6 billion, compared with only $2.7 billion in February. Unusually, there were no negative milestones in March; a welcome relief from the six negative announcements in February, valued at more than $875 billion.
There was also a near doubling to nine in the number of initial resource announcements. The value of these initial resources, using SNL’s methodology, soared to $16.5 billion, compared with only $2.7 billion in February.
In contrast, there were fewer significant drill announcements in March, compared with February, and there was also a decline in the number of completed financings in the sector. SNL recorded 18 financings by junior and intermediate companies last month, worth only $89 million, compared with 21 financings in February, worth $642 million.